Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (or Repetitive Motion Trauma) is a painful and debilitating condition caused by repetitive hand and wrist movement. It affects office and industrial workers, both male and female, wherever tasks necessitate repetitive wrist motions that include flexion, extension and rotation.
The direct cause of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can best be described as follows:
The median nerve which serves the thumb and 1st 2 fingers of the hand, passes through a tunnel in the wrist which is actually formed by a combination of ligaments, tendons, fascia and small carpal bones. If these structures become irritated or inflamed, particularly due to an unequal balance of pull on tendons of the wrist, the actual accumulation of swelling produces physical pressure on the median nerve, thereby eliciting the pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness as the symptoms of "Carpal Tunnel Syndrome."
Therefore balancing and making more efficient the pull of opposing tendons and muscles with the wrist/forearm alleviates inflammation and swelling often reducing or eliminating symptoms. This is best accomplished with good balanced strength and flexibility exercises as well as ergonomically correct supports and appliances.
There are a few cases that have been existing long enough to have scar tissue developing response to repetitive and persistant inflammation which unfortunately will necessitate surgical intervention.
Back Be Nimble's goal has been to provide information, exercise devices and ergonomic supplies in order to halt the process before reaching the severe scar tissue phase.
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Also see: The Dynaflex Exerflex - An exercise ball from DynaFlex International - Total body benefits with complete instructions on exercises.